The Paleo Diet gets slammed by many health gurus but it still has become very popular over the years. The Paleo Diet is easy to explain, only eat what a caveman ate. This is also why the diet is sometimes called Stone Age Diet or Caveman Diet. Mankind has spent most of the time here on earth as hunters and gathers. Agriculture is a relatively new way of life, a little bit more than 10,000 years old. Not much compared to the about two million years that humans have lived on earth.
The idea behind the Paleo Diet is that our genetics has not changed since the Paleolithic era. The best diet for us is the same as for the cavemen. This means that a lot of what we eat today is not allowed, for example grains, dairy products and processed food. According to the proponents of the Paleo Diet, the modern diet is simply wrong for us, leading to obesity and serious health issues.
The Paleo Diet is low carb diet but unlikely many other low carb diets, it restricts what kind of food rich in fats and protein you can eat. It is relatively high in fat but it is mostly good fats. The Paleo Diet is not primarily a weight loss diet but it can be used to lose weight although calories are seldom mentioned. If you want to lose weight, you have to make sure that you burn more calories than what you consume.
The claim that the Paleo Diet is healthier than other diets is regularly discussed, often the debate gets hot. You sometimes hear a number of explanations why the Paleo Diet is healthy as well as a number of reasons why it is not particularly healthy. The most basic argument, that cavemen did not suffer from diabetes or cardiovascular diseases does not really say much at all. After all, life expectancy for a caveman was less than 25 years so it is impossible to draw much conclusions based on how we believe life was 15,000 years ago. The debate about the diet has gone on for quite some time and is likely to continue with some people saying it is by far the best diet and others who don’t understand what is so special about the Paleo diet.
It is worth noting that there are a number of version of the Paleo Diet. Coffee and alcohol for example, does not belong in a strict Paleo diet but in many versions it is allowed to drink moderate amounts of both coffee and alcohol.